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The Baptism of the Second Adam

by Rev. Kirby Williams

Understanding the significance of the active obedience of Christ, the Second Adam.

Text: Luke 3:21-38
Date: 08/22/2021, the Combined service.
Series: "Luke: Thy Kingdom Come" Part 32

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Luke's transition from the Nativity narrative to the beginning of Christ's ministry comes to its conclusion with an abbreviated version of Jesus' celebrated baptism performed by John the Baptist in the Jordan River. After noticing the brevity of Luke's handling of this hugely significant event, we will turn our attention to the lengthy and mysteriously-placed genealogy that immediately follows it. When we consider them together, we will find yet another clear affirmation that Jesus is both the divine Son of God and a bonafide human-- born of woman, born under the law. As such, we will consider Jesus as the "second Adam" who succeeded in His active obedience where the first Adam failed. With this in mind we will address the question of why Jesus was baptized and why it was so essential for the salvation and sanctification of His followers. Ultimately we will find that the baptism of the second Adam, and indeed His active obedience, was performed not for Jesus' sake-- but for ours!

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I. Introduction, Rom. 5:18-21.
II. Exposition of the text, Luke 3:21-38.
A. Context
B. The baptism of Christ, vs. 21-22.
1. Noticing the brevity, John 1:14.
2. The scant details of the baptism, vs. 21a.
a. An extraordinary "face in the crowd".
i. More than humility.
ii. A picture of an ordinary human, Isa. 53:2.
b. Jesus prays.
i. The catalyst of ministry, Matt. 14:19, John 11:41-42.
ii. A model for ministry, Luke 23:46.
3. The response from heaven, vs. 21b-22.
a. Heaven opens.
i. Trying to discern the meaning, Mark 1:10, Acts 7:56, Rev. 4:1.
ii. Another dimension, Luke 2:13.
b. The Spirit descends.
i. A physical manifestation.
ii. Affirming Christ was all ready divine, 1Sam. 16:13, Acts 2:2.
c. The voice from heaven, Matt. 17:5, John 12:28.
d. The words from heaven.
i. The Son is loved, John 17:23.
ii. Why the Father is pleased.
iii. The Father loves despite the presence of sin, John 3:16.
4. Summation
C. The genealogy of Christ, vs. 23-38.
1. General observations.
a. The nature of genealogies.
b. Comparing Matthew and Luke.
i. A genealogy of Joseph or Mary?
ii. Genealogies with different messages, Matt. 1:22.
2. Seeking Luke's meaning, vs. 21,38.
a. Some important information, vs. 21.
i. The age of Jesus, Num. 4:47.
ii. NOT the son of Joseph, John 6:42.
b. The Son of man, the Son of God, vs. 38, 1Cor. 15:45, Rom. 5:17.
D. Interpretation
1. The failure of the first Adam.
a. The covenant of works, Gen. 3:15.
b. The free will of Adam.
c. The nature of the Fall, Ex. 20:3, Deut. 6:5, Gen. 3:5.
2. A second chance through the Second Adam.
3. The active obedience of Christ.
a. Active and passive obedience.
i. Defining "passive obedience", Matt. 20:28.
ii. Defining "active obedience", Gal. 4:4.
b. Understanding the baptism of Jesus, Matt. 3:14,15.
III. Application, Gen. 3:4.
IV. Conclusion

The Preaching Ministry of Kirby Williams

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